Free kindle The Shackleton Voyages –

This Pictorial Anthology Celebrates The Life Of Ernest Shackleton, A Major Protagonist In The Heroic Age Of Antarctic Exploration At The Beginning Of The Twentieth Century He Is Best Known For His Legendary Third Expedition Endurance , But Shackleton Also Undertook Three Other Expeditions Each Enthralling In Its Own Way But None Achieving The Goal It Set Out To Reach Charm, Charismatic Leadership And Dogged Determination Ensured Shackleton Became A Hero In His Own LifetimeEach Chapter Explores A Period Of Shackleton S Life And Is Introduced By Roland Huntford S Illuminating Text And Accompanied By A Host Of Photographs, Drawings And Diary Extracts, Many Hitherto Unpublished Shackleton S Restless, Independent Spirit Suffered Early And His Wit And Courage Captivated And Inspired Financial Backers As Well As His Men During The Bleakest Of Moments When He Lost The Race To The South Pole, First To The Norwegian Explorer Roald Amundsen InAnd Then To His Arch Rival Captain Scott In , He Set His Sights On Crossing Antarctica Once Again He Failed, But He Turned Disaster Into Success By Returning With All The Men Under His Command Alive After A Couple Of Years Of Slaving Lecturing And Writing To Pay Off His Debts In The Downbeat Post War Years, He Raised The Funds And Enthusiasm For A Final Expedition Quest A Romantic To The End, As Quest Reached South Georgia, He Died Of A Heart Attack, Aged Only Forty SevenHowever, His Death Lacked The Glory Of Scott S Death Only Recently Has Shackleton S Reputation Emerged From Scott S Shadow Shackleton Never Forgave Scott For Invaliding Him Home After Their Attempt To Reach The South Pole In In Part This Anger Was The Driving Force Behind Shackleton S Repeated Expeditions To Antarctica Shackleton Proved He Could Endure Severe Climates And Wild, Inhospitable Terrain, But Above All He Displayed An Exceptional Talent For Leadership And A Fanatical Determination Which Led Him, As He Put It, To Go On Going Till One Day I Shall Not Come Back , This sumptuous volume presents a pictorial anthology of the Polar explorer and Edwardian hero Ernest Shackleton Accompanying the myriad of photographs, taken by the photographers on each of his expeditions, there are a variety of Shackleton s diary entries, a collection of drawings done by various members of each party and some insightful captions by Julie Summers Roland Huntford introduces each chapter with a lengthy and most useful historical background.Shackleton undertook four voyages to the Antarctic, the first of which, in 1901 03 was with Captain Scott aboard the Discovery He had already served in the Mercantile Marine and was an accomplished sailor when he went south with Scott, when, after a long lapse, Antarctic exploration was in the process of revival He departed England as one of two merchant officers on board Discovery on 6 August 1901 and on 9 January 1902 he first stepped foot on Antarctic snow ironically most of the 50 men on the ship, including the Commander, had hardly ever seen snow Once they reached McMurdo Sound, Scott sent Shackleton out to reconnoitre the route that he and Scott and Edward Wilson, a medical man, would take in their attempt to reach the South Pole Unfortunately the journey was doomed from the start for since landing little had been done to understand the requirements of progressing in ice and snow The party, minus Shackleton who was obliged to stop at 82 degrees 15 minutes South, did reach 82 degrees 17 minutes South, which was a then record, but that was as far as they got They had to return and Scott always, unfairly, blamed Shackleton for his sickness that prevented them from going further They belabouredly made their way back to Discovery , which was then frozen in, so on 1 March 1903 Shackleton disappointingly departed on the relief ship Morning Discovery and the rest of the crew followed once the ice had melted.Shackleton s second Antarctic expedition was from 1907 09 when, as commander, he sailed in Nimrod and at the end of January 1908 he was oncein McMurdo Sound This time he had taken a motor car with him for transport but it proved to be something of a disaster for on ice it moved reasonably well but once it encountered powdered snow it was no use at all Similarly he had taken eight Manchurian ponies to pull the sledges but again they proved not to be ideal and so in the end he had to resort to the dogs that he had also taken along.This time in their attempt for the Pole Shackleton was accompanied by Frank Wild, John Adams and Eric Marshall, the last named the medical man Three of them, Marshall remained behind at their last camp, reached 87 degrees 22 minutes South before they realised that food was dwindling and that they probably did not have enough to make the journey to the Pole and return reluctantly they gave up They just managed to make the return journey before the deadline date that Shackleton had left for Nimrod to make its way home and the exhausted foursome boarded the ship just in time to depart for New Zealand On 23 March Nimrod arrived at Halimoon Bay on Stewart Island where Shackleton went ashore to send his cable about his record furthest South expedition.His third venture south was in 1914 17 when he sailed in the Endurance when he intended to trek across Antarctica from the Weddell Sea to the Ross Sea he had rejected any plan to reach the South Pole because by then Roald Amundsen in 1911 and Scott in 1912 had already achieved that goal However, he had problems, for Endurance became ice bound and drifted inexorably north before being finally crushed on 27 October 1915 Thereafter began Shackleton s famous journey in three open boats to Elephant Island, where he made the first known landing since American sealers in the 1830s He decided from there that the only way to secure safety was to make another open boat journey to South Georgia and leaving the majority of his crew behind he and two members of the crew, Crean and Worsley, he made an epic 17 day journey And in May 1916 they landed on South Georgia after which another epic journey took place as the exhausted trio marched and scrambled to the other side of the island where, with the help of the whaling community they sailed in the Yelcho to rescue his men on Elephant Island After much hardship they reached their destination and to his joy he discovered that all his crew had survived He had, therefore, maintained his record of never having lost a crew member on any of his expeditions.His final assault on Antarctica came in 1921 22 and ended in disaster Sailing in the Quest he was unwell and had a heart attack at Buenos Aires But, recovered, he continued to South Georgia and it was there that he suffered a fatal heart attack on 5 January 1922 He was buried on South Georgia with his monument being a simple cross on heights overlooking the waters.With his death the heroic age of Antarctic exploration was virtually over and he was, arguably, the pre eminent exponent This absolutely delightful book, both text and illustration wise, brings him, and his crews, very much to life and it is a book that one can return to time and again to admire the superb photography.