[download pdf] Athen. Ein Neubeginn der WeltgeschichteAuthor Christian Meier – Multi-channel.co

A Lively, Accessible History Of Athens S Rise To Greatness, From One Of The Foremost Classical Historians The Definitive Account Of Athens In The Age Of Pericles, Christian Meier S Gripping Study Begins With The Greek Triumph Over Persia At The Battle Of Salamis, One Of The Most Significant Military Victories In History Meier Shows How That Victory Decisively Established Athens Military Dominance In The Mediterranean Made Possible Its Rise To Preeminence In Almost Every Field Of Human Endeavor Commerce, Science, Philosophy, Art, Architecture Literature WithinYears, Athens Had Become The Most Original Innovative Civilization The Ancient World Ever Produced With Elegant Narrative Style, Meier Traces The Birth Of Democracy The Flourishing Of Greek Culture In The Th Century BCE, As Well As Athens Slow Decline Defeat In The Peloponnesian War The Great Figures From Politicians Generals Like Themistocles Alcibiades To The Philosophers Socrates Plato Emerge As Flesh Blood Human Beings, Firmly Rooted In Their Times Places This Is History In The Tradition Of Simon Schama Barbara Tuchman Learned, Accessible Beautifully Written

10 thoughts on “Athen. Ein Neubeginn der Weltgeschichte

  1. says:

    After having read Thucydides s History of the Peloponnesian War last month, this month I turned to a very scholarly history of Athens in its Golden Age, roughly between the Battle of Marathon 490 BC and the execution of Socrates 399 BC Christian Meier s Athens A Portrait of the City in Its Golden Age Where Meier excelled was in his detailed descriptions of subtle changes in the political structure of Athenian rule, together with his astute comparisons between the history of the times and its reflection in the plays of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes.The sections on the Peloponnesian War, which Athens lost, were particularly tragic Over and over again, I saw parallels between the power politics of Classical Athens and recent events in the United States In the end, Meier writes The war had consumed vast resources the Athenians had lived prodigally and, toward the end, they drifted from crisis to crisis as if intoxicated They had plundered and destroyed on a massive scale, but they also had achieved things that would transform the history of human civilization The great century of Athens was over, but the city lived on and indeed remained the most important city of the Greeks It had simply ceased to be a major political power.I would strongly recommend this book to anyone who is looking for a strong history of Ancient Greece It bridges the divide between popularizers like Durant and Kagan and scholarly, but less accessible works by academic historians.

  2. says:

    I had a hard time with this book The first few chapters threw me, and then I never got into it after that The opening chapter serves as a hook It tells maybe the most dramatic story of Athens at the Battle of Salamis to get us interested OK, but it does a really lousy job as a hook, I thought The point of a hook is to get the reader interested and also link the story itself to larger themes Well it was just a story I didn t see any real point to throwing it in here Also, it goes on for far too long You start off with a 30 ish page story from the middle of Athenian history that just does nothing to advance any themes and just confuses the narrative Then you get a big, extensive chapter on Athens s rise up to the eve of the Persian Wars OK, now we re in a regular narrative Nope The next two chapters drop the narrative for thematic stuff This just got me frustrated I couldn t get in the rhythm with it at all Oh, I finished still sort of After those early parts, I basically found myself skimming a lot than reading Some basic notes from the book Athens, while a big city, was a late bloomer politically It wasn t a colonizer and until the late 7th century was mostly a group of villages Then came a big marketplace and public buildings and water pipes Now it was a singular hole Sparta and Argos had been the biggest towns I was under the impression Sparta wasn t that big of a city Shows what I know Solon the Reformer caused Athens to undergo its first major fundamnetal reform He cancelled mortgage debts and ended debt slavery He also allowed the public to bring charges against someone previously it had just been the victim and prohibited the export of most foodstuffs He rejected tyranny but then Athens entered the age of tyrants anyway Athens was liberated from a tyrant by Sparta in 510 BC Athens became a democracy and gained a strong army.Three key factors helped ancient Greece s rise 1 it was in contact with established powers, 2 the established political powers weren t interested in the Aegean, and 3 trade with places in the Black Sea and Mediterranean helped Greece grow They got an alphabet from Phoenicia, and spread out Greeks related to each other as equals Athens began ostracisim around 500 501 BC Persia took their first island closer to Greece than Asia around that same time, Naxus Ionia overthrew Persian backed tyrants Themistocles was nearly ostracized in 486 BC, but survived Persia offered Athens an alliance after Salamis, but was rejected Athens quickly builds up their city walls after Salamis Themistocles finally was ostracized in the 470s He fled to Persian Cimon became the leading figure, and he was copmlacent A new generation of political leaders emerged around 463 462 They were antagonistic to Sparta than Cimon Athens became democratic with a new class, thetes, emerging They were lower class workers Cimon was ostracized Most Greek city states accept Athens s primacy, especially the smaller polises Athens gets ambitious and even sends troops to Egypt to mess with Persia They build roads to the port town nearby They dominate the Delian League Pericles builds up the Partheonon Athens enslaves the people of Baeotia in 446 BC The Deliean League is now an Athenian Empire The big war with Sparta breaks out Athens slaughters the men of Mytilene, not just that rebelled against them It s to make a statement But later the play The Trojan Women will criticize Athens for it Thucydides says that reckless became seen as courage, prudent hesitation was cowardice, and moderation unmanly Extremists became trustworthy Athens won big at Pylos but opted not to push for peace 424 BC Cleon died The war was lost The Sophists got big in the 430s, and discover relativity and subjectivity They use it to seek absolute truth in nature and turn to practical aspects of their teachings There is knowledge in here, but it didn t do much for me.

  3. says:

    Originally published on my blog here in August 2000.The Golden Age of Athens approximately the fifth century BC is one of the most amazing times in human history Western culture owes a great deal to ancient Greece, and much of what formed us can be traced to this one city over the three or four generations during which it was a major power The role call of great names includes Aeschylus, Euripides, Sophocles, Aristophanes, Socrates, Plato, Demosthenes, Pericles, Thucydides and Xenophon and reverence for the cradle of democracy ensures it a vast symbolic importance in the world today Christian Meier s book seeks to show how a city of under 200,000 even when virtually disregarded slaves, women and inhabitants of foreign extraction are included rose to such a position what it was like and how it changed during its Golden Age and what brought about its downfall.Given the paucity of Athenian resources when compared to the city s ambitions even given the discovery of rich silver mines on their territory , the eventual fall of Athens is hardly surprising once a major expedition failed the attack on Sicily it was just a matter of time The rise is interesting Meier writes about the foundation of democracy and why it might have overcome the aristocratic oligarchy which preceded it and why Athens was for a long time one of the biggest and richest Greek cities without the political power which might be expected to go with this position Given the small number of literary sources, even from the Golden Age, these are issues which can form the basis for endless argument, and Meier concentrates on saying enough to fit in with his theme, the unique quality of Athenian civilization.The democracy which developed in Athens was radically different from the system that we give that name to today It was participatory, rather than representative, and vast sections of the population were excluded, either by law or because they were too poor to be greatly involved The wealthy tended to dominate, especially those who came from the old aristocratic families After the downfall of Pericles, who dominated Athens for a generation, demagogues took over including Aristophanes butt Cleon and their policy of appealing to the lowest common denominator quickly led to ruin which could be seen as a warning to many of today s politicians.Meier does not mention the problems inherent in taking the ancient accounts at face value, but he has little choice but to do so It is also hardly feasible to preface every second statement with a warning about its accuracy In one or two places the danger is spelled out for example, in deriving a picture of the teachings of the Sophists from the writings of Plato It seems to me that Meier has done a really good job, and has produced a book which is interesting to the layman and probably contains just about everything they might want to know about its subject.

  4. says:

    Highly readable, though I would have liked it less had I not read it shortly after covering a fair amount of Socrates specific material Good history, and even for those who don t care for politics, the psychology behind democracy is fascinating Another pleasant chapter in my love affair with ancient Athens.

  5. says:

    Lots of information about the history of Athens Not the most interesting read ever, but a decent summary of events and the culture of Athens.

  6. says:

    This is a decent introduction to the history of the Athenian polis from the Persian wars through the Peloponnesian, its Golden Age.

  7. says:

    A great study in the foundation of the city that served as the cradle for modern democratic thought Fascinating.